Friday, 2 July 2010
Andania was a passenger ship launched in 1921 by Hawthorn Leslie, her maiden voyage in June 1922 was to Montreal then she was transferred to the Hamburg to New York route from 1924 to 1926 returning to Liverpool in 1927 to ply the Atlantic to Montreal route. This was the same route as her predecessor of the same name who sailed Liverpool via Southampton to Quebec and Montreal. Both these ships had the same fate, both torpedoed by German Submarines. One in the first world war and one in the second.
In 1939 the RMS Andania was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser, HMS Andania. She was hit by 1 of 2 torpedoes 230 miles NW of the Faroe Islands, the ship sank slowly so all the crew (347) were saved, taken off by the Icelandic trawler Skallagimur.
The German submarine U-A has spotted them earlier in the day but in heavy rain and bad weather had lost them because of her zigzagging patrol course. Three torpedoes were fired, missed and not noticed until the U-A caught up again and fired two torpedoes, in response HMS Andania opened fire but could not locate the attacker in the dark.
Following heavy losses of ships in the first world war Cunard began an ambitious building programme and this was the first of these, a luxury liner journeying from Liverpool to New York and Boston. She was requisitioned at the end of 1939 to the end of the war when she took many of the American and Canadian troops back home, some with war brides. But the Scythia also took many refugees from Europe and people emigrating to Canada. Here is one family's story of the ship docking at the famous Pier 21 Halifax.
In 1950 she became a passenger ship again but this came to an end in 1958 when delivered to the ship-breakers in Scotland.
Our hostess for Postcard Friendship Friday is Beth at The Best Hearts are Crunchy